PM Open Space Community Event
SAP Labs India and Project Management Institute Bangalore Chapter (PMIBC) presented the PM Open Space on Wednesday, the 14th December, 2016 at SAP Labs India, Whitefield.
PM Open Space is a corporate initiative among likeminded corporates who wish to share knowledge among the professionals across Bangalore and Whitefield in particular. Leading corporates like HP, Huawei, ABB, SAP, E&Y and PMI BC (to name a few) are part of this team. This program is conducted once a quarter and this session in particular was the 4th consecutive one this year.
The event was inaugurated with a Keynote Address by Mr. Rajnish Prasad (VP and Head – Custom Development Execution – APJ and Greater China, SAP Labs India). “Everything is a project and for me, it was series of activities. Thanks to PMI for explaining all about Project to everyone”,
Mr. Rajnish said. He shared his experience that a project is a project if it has some tangible outcome. If it doesn't satisfy some KPI, it can't be called a project.
Padma Shri Dr. M. Annadurai, Director – ISRO Satellite Center, Bangalore was the power speaker for the session.
Dr. Annadurai who has played a pivotal role in executing some of the most ambitious projects of ISRO, namely the India Remote Sensing Missions, Chandrayaan 1 and 2, Mars orbiter mission also known as Mangalyaan.
He spoke on the topic “Beyond the Horizon: A Path less travelled” and unravelled the key facets of managing complex multi-stakeholder programs, effective cost management, review mechanisms, failure handling and quality processes to be kept in mind while executing large scale projects.
He shared how the project and program management is used as the ISRO's stepping stone for next level of achievements. Started with a little recap of India in Space - 141 mission has been realized so far, 79 foreign spacecraft from 21 countries has been launched. A complete self-reliance in space has been achieved and India ranks no 1 in application of space to affect common man's life. Possibility of ISRO going to moon was first mentioned way back in May 1999, in 2008 it was announced that Mars is next big Mission and if everything goes well it will be reality by 2013-2014. The mission accomplished on time.
A big achievement was at cost front, the amount spent was 10% of money of the project of same size by other countries. NASA takes about 7 – 8 years to complete one project and ISRO takes 3 – 4 years to complete one project. NASA started 4 years earlier that ISRO completed Mangalyaan at the same time but with different budgets.
A well-managed project which was planned to launch the satellite depending on the strategic position of the MARS when it is closest to earth, as any additional velocity and additional propellant comes with additional cost. If not launched in 2013 then needed 400 kg more propellant (1350kg instead of 850kg). Missing the proper timing means missing the opportunity.
However, there were some challenges but “Mars Orbitor Mission” treated those challenges as opportunity. The entire project was fragmented in various parts and parallel teams worked for it. A master schedule was followed by each of them starting from Jan 2013 to Nov 2014 and in the end, like a jigsaw puzzle they all came together to made the project successful.
Dr. Annadurai stated some of the challenges with the project as:
• Understanding the atmosphere of the MARS program. There could be consequences if study not done properly.
• Proper planning and instruction to the team about what will they do after going to mars.
• Multiple vendors to supply and integrate all the parts
• Keep the weight of the spacecraft to under 850kgs
• Configuring the systems separately and assembling them to a complete system
It was a very first mission to the MARS, everything was supposed to be specific to it. Still, the project took care of the time and the cost, some designs of parts were taken from existing satellite, tinkering it slightly. A new upgrade with minimum hardware requirement proved a successful strategy as only few items were done from scratch which needed to follow the process to get quality certificate.
Even the software was reused from other missions. Lessons learnt from elsewhere e.g. USA, Russia etc played an important part in managing the project in a cost efficient manner. The mission was launched on 5th November 2013. The satellite reached Mars in 9 months where the target was 400 km away and continuously moving further away with the speed of 29 km/sec. A precisely done onboard calibration with geometric calculation was required which makes the launch more challenging as one thinks. India has one fixed launch pad from Sriharikota only. But the point of injection depends on current location of the Earth and MARS which was not same as Sriharikota. To solve the problem of launching, ISRO deployed 2 ships near South Africa to manage the exact loaction.
Today ISRO is launching every month one satellite and the plan is to launch 3 satellites in every 2 months by 2018. Dr. Annadurai counted the benefits of project Mars are in the field of broadcast, communication, meteorological, earth observation, forest monitoring, water monitoring, agriculture and soil monitoring, ocean and fishing zone monitoring and in other developments. Despite all that, the big hardware designed for the mission can be used everywhere now as the quality is ensured. Now other projects can focus on particular area of testing only and reduce the cost of quality.
In brief, Mars mission was the test bed for all other projects which will reduce the effort and budget for them. Bottom line is that confidence is gained by the country to launch other projects in cost effective and successful manner, it has given confidence to the industry partner to increase the capacity. Today the ISRO strategy and standard is being followed across the globe placing India in a leadership position! !
Some of the attendees at the PM Open Space were
• Flt.Lt. (Retd.) Sheena S Minhas, Head HR, ABB GISPL
• Dr. Venkateswaran Narayanan, Head - Competence Development, ABB India Ltd
• Mr. Sriranga Nadiger, Director, HPE India R & D
From SAP Labs India
• Mr. Mahesh H Nayak, COO, SAP Labs India
• Mr. Rajnish Prasad, Head, SAP Custom Development (APJ & China)